What are the basic needs of the child?

What are the basic needs of the child?

 how to satisfy them?

Childhood remains the cornerstone of all societies, the child is the real wealth of any nation, and childhood is one of the most important and most dangerous stages of formation and personal growth, especially in the first five years

 

The approach that adopts treatment only in dealing with the child is a one-party approach, incomplete and non-holistic educational, psychological and social, and not conducive to safety. In order to avoid this, and in order to find a healthy personality balanced mentally, emotionally and physically, it was necessary to take care of the construction and prevention in the first stage of the emergence of this personality, that is, from the beginning of childhood. However, the problem that arises is how to satisfy the basic needs of the child? In order to answer them, we must approach the concept of childhood, its stages, its importance, and its characteristics, before we overlook the most important needs of the child and how to satisfy them, to conclude with the most important problems of childhood

 

The concept of childhood

Childhood Needs

 

First: the child in the language

The child breaks the tying: the child or the boy until puberty, which is for the masculine individual and brings together children, has mentioned in the Holy Quran in the verse masculine, feminine and plural may be equal. In the dear download {Then we will bring you a child} and in it {or the child who did not appear on the women's wombs

 

The child and the girl: the young. In addition, the child: the youngest of all

 

Moreover, childhood: the stage from birth to adulthood

 

Second: the child in the term

  1. The general meaning of childhood

Is the period in which the child depends on the parents in the food and clothing and all his physical and mental needs in the sense that as long as the individual is unable to the independence of his affairs is a child and in this sense differs the assessment of childhood from one society to another

 

The special meaning of childhood

The age range from birth until puberty, Allaah says (or the child who did not appear on women's wombs) The light verse 31: God Almighty said (And if the children of your dream, let them ask for permission, as the permission of those before them)

 

In psychology, the period between the new stage (birth) and puberty

 

In sociology is the period in which the child depends on his parents until maturity, whether from childhood to maturity or maturity

 

 

Article 1 of the Child Rights Act states that "a child is every person under the age of 18 unless under the applicable law he has reached the age of majority

 

Stages and divisions of childhood

Education specialists differed in dividing the stages of childhood, but quadruple division often adopted

 

Cradle stage: from birth until the end of the second year (end of breastfeeding

Early Childhood: Three to five years

Middle childhood: from the sixth year until the eleventh year

Late Childhood: Twelfth to puberty

Mental and psychological characteristics of children

The child is distinguished from the adult with some psychological and mental characteristics, which are important to identify and benefit from in directing him to reinforce the positive aspects of him, including

 

Surface understanding of tangible things

Highly manageable behavioral guidance

Emotional emotions, psychological emotions, and the inability to control mental

The spirit of friendship and teamwork with peers

Love of exploration, knowledge and scientific curiosity

The desire to develop individual skills

The need for example and real example

The importance of childhood

Childhood Needs

 

Childhood is a fundamental stage of human life, where nearly a quarter of his life and events have clear effects in the rest of his life, whether in behavior or personality traits

 

The importance of childhood stems from the following reasons

 

Childhood is a stage of weakness for a person, who needs to be permanently cared for in all his affairs, whether physical, psychological or social, as well as food and drink

The guidance he receives in this age has a great impact on him and the child who lives in a turbulent atmosphere often affect his personality when he reaches and sometimes it goes to the involuntary aspects such as the way of speech, walking and tone of voice where the child is affected by his parents and the community in a large way

Care and attention to the mental aspects of the child helps to succeed, the smart usually have environmental conditions and care in their young to help them to innovate in old age

The child easily infused with principles and ethics, which makes him a Muslim, which helps in giving him strong immunity against external influences and turns in the old age to the origins and rules justified

The neglect of the physical aspects of balanced nutrition and health care greatly affects the personality of the child and leaves indelible effects in the elderly, especially if there is a lack of vital materials necessary for the structure of the body

Children occupy a high percentage of society, sometimes exceeding half, especially in third world countries, including all countries in the Arab world

Children's needs

"The educator starts from the rules of the building ... Psychological education is based on the consideration of human needs and at the same time a starting point for building the safest

 

What are the most people who think that the basic needs of the child are limited to biological things such as food, drink, and clothing are still satisfied, angry to consider even if only to think of the social and psychological needs that have a prominent role in the lives of these children? They need to be satisfied during their growth because they form the necessary rules for their mental, mental and physical balance. And comes at the forefront of these needs (psychosocial)

 

First: the organic needs

Food, health, water, breathing, exit, sleep, housing, treatment and prevention of diseases and accidents

 

Second: The needs of mental development

Research, survey, and discovery

Acquisition of language proficiency

Ability to think

Third: Psychological and social needs

  • The need for security
  • The need for prestige and consideration
  • The need for excellence, success, and control
  • The need for love
  • Need for reassurance
  • Need to praise
  • The need to accept
  • The need for control authority and discipline
  • The need for faith
  • The need for a sense of autonomy within the family
  • Need for knowledge.
  • Need to acquire daily life skills
  • The need to acquire the religious and moral values of the community
  • Need for entertainment and play
  • The need to work and appreciate its value
  • The need to develop mental capacity
  • The need to vent his pent-up desires
  • The need for love, tenderness, and safety
  • The need to belong
  • Need for comrades

 

Fourth: the needs of the child from his family

Childhood Needs

 

Psychologists confirm that the family is almost the only tool that works to form the child during his first life; studies have shown that the child needs to grow in the family stable. The mother also embraces the child in the cradle stage, from which he derives his sense of security ... Through the father, the child can satisfy many of his needs and wishes and receives sympathy, appreciation, and love

 

Studies in the field of education and psychology indicate that

 

In a balanced family, each parent is aware of the child's psychological and emotional needs related to his or her growth. The most important of these needs is the child's need for a sense of security and reassurance, the need for appreciation, love, and self-confidence, the need to belong, to build social relations, the need for compassion, education, and guidance

 

The father must be aware of what may be behind the behavior of the child of the wishes and motives that the child cannot express them clearly

 

The child should not be a theater in which one of the parents exercises his unlawful wishes, such as used in harming and harming the other party, or making him a child, or making the child the focus of a conflict between him and other adults

 

Childhood needs

 

The child's sense of security and stability away from anxiety and turmoil and opens the way for the right psychological adjustment and enables him to develop his abilities and potential to be a good citizen

 

In the same context, it now recognized by mental health scientists and researchers in its field that the trends that leave negative effects and attributed to the level of mental health, which can be their personalities as adults later

 

Dominance: It is the imposition of the father or mother to see the child ... This trend often helps to create a character always afraid, shy and sensitive

 

Excessive protection: One or both of the parents on behalf of the child have the duties or responsibilities that they can perform and interfere in all their affairs. The child does not have the opportunity to make a decision for himself even in the choice of his clothes and friends

 

Negligence: It is clear in two forms: a picture of indifference and another image is not rewarded for the desired behavior  The result is a worried figure hesitant, floundering in their behavior, a personality disorderly uncontrolled in any action

 

Demonstration: It is to encourage the child to achieve most of his wishes as he pleases and not directed to bear any responsibility commensurate with the stage of growth experienced by

 

Cruelty: The use of methods of corporal punishment "beating" and threatening him, and the result is an aggressive character

 

Distortion: In the sense of inequality between all children, and the result selfish character used to take without giving ... She likes to grab everything for herself

Positive steps to meet the needs of the child

Childhood Needs

 

First: the need for reassurance and how to achieve it in the child [5]
    Soft and soft

    Avoid harshness, cruelty and frequent accounting

    The continuous search for ways to introduce pleasure to the child

    Constant attention and constant loss of the child

    Remove all child concerns about parents

    Special care for people with disabilities

    Second: the need to consider and how to achieve it in the child

    The child resorted to some means to restore his mind, including

     

    Intransigence

    Subversion

    Lack of eating

    Screaming to raise attention

    Disturbing guests and foreigners at home

    Fictional lying

    To deal with these situations, we suggest practical steps to build the child's sense of thought

     

    Give your son time

    Feel its own value

    Give your son freedom

    Let your son choose

    Respect his opinion and cost him some responsibilities

    Praise your son

    Glorify your children before the people

    Third: Developing the need for love and its steps

    The power of the Father in the power of his passion is not in the power of his cruelty

     

    Tell your son about your love for him

    Be good to your son

    Give your son more love than gifts

    Trust your son as an expression of his love

    Fourth: the need to praise the steps towards positive praise

    Focus on achievement, not on the person

    He praised the attempts and if they were not an achievement

    Praise and you are convinced and not flattering

    Follow the encouragement method in encouraging situations

    Be ready to praise and do not be late

    Fifth: The need to accept

    To satisfy a child's need for acceptance, the following should observe

     

    Do not criticize the child constantly

    Do not commit the child more than he can

    Do not compare the child to another

    Do not overprotect and protect

    He recognized the child as an independent individual and praised his achievements

    Cross him for love

    Enjoy your child's education

    Accept his suggestions and friendships

    Encourage him and do not frustrate him

    Learn the art of listening to him

    Treat it as you like it to be treated

    Sixth: The need for discipline and behavioral model

    Use the experiences of others

    No to cruelty

    Not for surveillance

    Do not shout

    Do not rush to make decisions

    Do not exercise the same style with all your children

    Set rules and controls for all behaviors

    Do not be polite to others

    Explanation of guidance and advice

    Do not be polite and you are tense

    Not to force a child to do something, not to blackmail him

    The importance of inspiration and positive programming

    Take care of business before words

    Avoid excessive physical dumping

    Do not make the ultimate punishment

     

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