The stages of development of the child in the first month

The stages of development of the child in the first month

A guide to the development of infants from birth until the age of four weeks. All information on the stages of the development of infants by months, including motor development, knowledge, tests, and vaccinations

 

Motor development

Sleeping on the abdomen is the basis of the motor development of the baby, so we seek to see comfortable lying on the abdomen since the days of the first child. While lying down on the stomach, the child should move his head from side to side. If the child does not receive the appropriate support, the head drops towards the back

When the baby is sleeping on his or her stomach, he can move a few centimeters by reflex movements, sometimes you can find him waking up on the other side of the bed

The movements of the child's primary limbs are random and asymmetrical. The child closes his hands from his eyes and mouth, and the kaftans of his hands are often blocked and he can hold the thing that enters the palm of his hand, but he cannot hold it for a long time.

At the end of the first month, the child can raise his head a few centimeters and move it from side to side. The child also begins to roll to the side of the lying position on the back

Cognitive development

The child enjoys a sense of touch and movement, maintains visual contact with the person who takes care of him and responds to environmental stimuli through movements of the limbs and sounds. The child gently moves his limbs in response to the care he receives or when he is not satisfied

In the first month, the child stays asleep most of the day, but in hours of alertness, he responds to the sounds of his parents and enjoys listening to them

The baby can cry to attract parents' attention or to express discomfort

The child can recognize the characteristics of his parents and prefer them to others

Development of senses and language

The child hears while he is still in his mother's womb. After birth, he can distinguish familiar sounds, such as the mother's voice. Most children relax when the mother's voice heard, so it recommended talking to them and singing to them. The child also tries to focus on who is talking to him

In the first month, the child uses non-verbal communication to express himself. By a combination of limb movements, different facial expressions and forms of crying the child can convey different messages

Except for crying, the child can also hear different sounds but still cannot speak. He does not understand what said to him, but he can distinguish the tone of voice and knows part of the message to convey to him

The child can recognize the smell of his mother and respond by different facial expressions to the taste and smells that reveal to her

Until the age of one month, the child can focus on objects that are about 20 cm from his face. He can also track objects moving in front of his face for a few centimeters. In general, the child's looks look "mobile" and sometimes even look like a baby

How can parents help?

At the beginning of his life, you should give the child a lot of love, warmth, and communication. It is preferred to give him different ways of communication, such as a gentle touch from one side to another and a strong and calming touch on the other hand. Strong touch refers to the boundaries of the body of the child in the brain, gives him a sense of security and security, give him a clear picture of his body and allow members to perform their motor functions. The deeper the touch, the more efficient the relationship between the member and his function becomes

One of the things that can affect the development of the child, as well as calm, is the use of the position of the swing - the position of the swing extends the muscles back and relaxes the muscles of the abdomen. This can help to sleep comfortably on the abdomen, prevent swelling of the abdomen and teach the child to move the hands to the midline, giving him a sense of safety. Using the swing position, or using a swing bra, is a great start to life on the hand, kinetic, sensory and emotional side

Exposure to different stimuli is a good factor for the child - such as different types of games, mirrors, and sounds. It is important not to subject him to excessive sensory stimulation because this will cause him to be restless. Therefore, the child should not be surrounded by too many children's toys, and of course not placed in front of the television screen

It is important to put the baby on his stomach since birth because this will affect the overall development, from where begins his motor development. It should expose to the largest number of different lying positions

The child must try the movement in the vacuum to develop his balance, which will later affect the child's ability to fluctuate, crawl and walk. It is also preferable to start by placing the child on his side and helping him to move his hands to the midline and a simple reversal from the back to the abdomen

The sense of sight is less developed and unimportant at this stage. Black and white images can place at a short distance from the face. At this age, visual stimulation is the most important. It is important to talk and sing to the child, to maintain visual contact with him and to talk to him, along with excessive expression of facial expressions. Verbal communication, singing, chanting rhymes and using high sound gives the child safety, calmness and wonderful communication with parents and the surrounding environment.

It is important to hold the child symmetrically when carrying to avoid leaning side by side without the other.

 It is also preferable to maintain the symmetry of the body and movement of the child by putting it on each side of the other when sleeping, holding it from a different shoulder each time, put it in the position of the swing so that his head is directed each time to the other side, feeding it so that his head every time Along with another, and so on. It is best to hold it close to the mother's body to feel the warmth of her body and the pulse of her heart

If you are going out with the child in the carriage, it is preferable that the child is fully lying in the carriage. It is best to go out with the baby so that it is portable in a strapless position

At the end of the first month, the child begins to smile. His current smile is a physiological response indicating that he is satisfied and comfortable

Abnormal development

The child cannot sleep on his stomach

The child's hands tend to the side and back, such as the position of the plane permanently when sleeping on his stomach

The child's body is very solid or very loose, which may indicate an unbalanced muscle effort

The child is not calm and cries for long hours even when there is no reason or justification for it

The child does not start lifting his head and does not move from side to side

The child quickly tires from simple activity, such as breastfeeding

The child does not close his eyes when exposed to bright light

The child's head tilted or his entire body tilts to one side

The child does not put his head on the ground when he is lying on his stomach

Baby weight does not rise properly

Medical examinations and vaccinations

Baby weight - Ten days later, it is preferable to check whether the child has returned to weight at birth

The umbilical area examined in the child and parents instructed on how to take care of this area

Since the age of two weeks, the nurse at the childcare clinic begins to track the child's physical development, recording his height, weight and the circumference of his head. By this information, it can scan for any class of its generation belongs

At birth, the child receives a vaccine against hepatitis B virus, and a month later receives the second vaccination

At the age of three weeks, it is preferable to take the child to the pediatrician's first examination. The doctor checks whether the child is growing properly, performing various tests, such as examining the child's response to sounds and noise, and whether he maintains the visual connection normally and properly

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